When you visit a website, your browser and the webserver exchange information via HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP). However the data is sent over the connection in clear text, so an eavesdropper can see the websites you’re visiting and capture sensitive data like messages, passwords, credit card information, etc. That’s why HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) was created. HTTPS encrypts information before exchanging, only the sender and the recipient know the code to decipher message. SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) and TSL (Transport Layer Security) are the technologies that encrypts the data.